This section take the responsibilities of conducting the irrigation demonstrations and experiments to improve the on-farm irrigation management and to enhance the overall irrigation efficiency, reducing irrigation cost and monitoring the irrigation practice for the entire estate. The main objectives and activities are:
•Conduction of different irrigation experiments that aim to save irrigation water and/ or increase irrigation efficiencies.
•Computation of the reference evapotranspiration (ETo) for Kenana Estate using Penman-Monteith approach and the cropwat software.
•Determination of the crop water requirements during the whole season.
•Determination of the water required for irrigating sugarcane taking into account the variation in soil moisture, climatic factors and phenological stages of cane growth.
•Maximization of irrigation water use efficiency through better irrigation practices.
• Gathering and recording of weather data.
• Evaluation of water adequacy, equity, percent runoff, application efficiency and wate r use efficiency.
•Proceeding the soil physical properties (infiltration rate, soil field capacity, soil bulk density and soil hydraulic conductivity).